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What is the reason for the expansion of Powerball?

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Launched in 1992, Powerball pioneered the use of two drums in a lottery game. Drawing from two drums allows for additional manipulation since it is possible to increase the chances of winning the jackpot, the number of possible reward tiers, and the total probability of winning (as explained later, a ticket can win by matching only one number). Steve Caputo of the Oregon Lottery proposed the double-drum system. Since then, lotteries all over the world—including the United States The Big Game (now Mega Millions), Australia’s Powerball, Great Britain’s Thunderball, and Europe’s Eurojackpot and EuroMillions—have adopted the two-drum system. An example sentence: [reference required]

Screenscape Studios in West Des Moines, Iowa was the typical location for Powerball draws until 2008. Mike Pace, a radio broadcaster in Iowa who has worked with Lotto America since its 1988 inception, presented all of the MUSL draws. Powerball initially went “on the road” in 1996, when they held five remote draws during the Atlanta Summer Olympics. After waiting for a few weeks, Georgia eventually left Powerball as the lone state (Maine, which joined MUSL in 1990, left when Powerball began). Georgia joined The Big Game, the second main U.S. lottery consortium, in August 1996. Tickets were going to be sold for both games for the remainder of 1996, but the MUSL abruptly kicked Georgia out a few days later, and it wasn’t until 2010 that cross-selling was reinstated.

The annuity payout was increased from 20 to 25 installments each year, and a cash payout option was introduced, on November 2, 1997.

The state of Florida was officially allowed to join a multi-state competition in 1998. Florida was about to offer Powerball, but incoming governor Jeb Bush stopped it in early 1999 because he thought it would affect the current Florida Lottery games. Florida was authorized to join MUSL on January 4, 2009, after years of stalling by Governor Charlie Crist in 2008.

For an additional dollar every game, players may increase their odds of winning anything other than the jackpot by a factor of five. This “Power Play” feature was introduced on March 7, 2001. The Power Play multiplier for each draw is now determined by a wheel (the next year, the 1x was removed from the Power Play wheel.)

In 2009 Florida hosted the drawings:

The average jackpot prize is now estimated at $141 million, up from $95 million in the past. As a result of the shift in odds, an estimated 3,550,000 more rewards would be won annually. The initial prize pool is now $20 million, with $5 million being guaranteed to roll over. The percentage of revenue going toward the jackpot rose from 30.3% to 32.50%. The Power Play feature was altered such that the second prize—typically $200,000—would be automatically multiplied by five, for a total 5+0 reward of $1 million in cash. The 2012 modification abolished the additional second prize that had been awarded twice when the jackpot topped its prior record by $25 million.

On January 4, 2009, Powerball tickets were on sale in Florida, and the first drawing was held on January 7. Since then, the matrices have been modified to read 5/59 + 1/39. (adding four white ball numbers and dropping three red balls). The result is a new overall probability of 1:35 and a change in the jackpot’s odds from 1:146 million to 1:195 million.

On October 31st, 2009, the state of Arkansas joined MUSL, making it the 32nd state to do so before the 2010 cross-sell expansion. On April 16, 2010, the Ohio Lottery began offering Powerball in addition to Mega Millions, which it had begun offering together with New York several years before when The Big Game rebranded as Mega Millions.

For Florida to join Powerball, the live draws have to be relocated from Iowa to Universal Studios in Orlando.

An example sentence: [reference required] From Universal Studios, Tracy Wiu, Elizabeth Hart, and Scott Adams took turns serving as hosts and announcers (MUSL headquarters remained in Iowa, where its other draws are held). When the draws were relocated to Florida, the wheel that had previously been used to choose the Power Play multiplier was put out to pasture in favor of a random number generator (RNG), which served in that capacity until the format was changed in 2012.

In the 2010 extension of Powerball

Both Mega Millions and MUSL launched new lotteries on January 31, 2010; by May of that year, eight Powerball members had also joined Mega Millions. On March 1, 2010, the Montana Lottery began participating in Mega Millions. Mega Millions was introduced to the state of Nebraska on March 20, 2010, followed by the state of Oregon on March 28, 2010, the state of Arizona on April 18, 2010, the state of Maine on May 9, 2010, and the states of Colorado and South Dakota on May 16, 2010. In October 2010, the U.S. Virgin Islands began participating in Mega Millions.

One store on the Sharon, Pennsylvania/Masury, Ohio border sold both Mega Millions (through the Ohio Lottery) and Powerball (via Pennsylvania) before the agreement and remained the sole shop to offer tickets for both lotteries after it went into effect.



What is the reason for the expansion of Powerball?

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